There are several guidelines to follow in order to ensure proper nutrition during pregnancy. Baby growth requires lots of nutrients, and diet needs to change so as to meet them. Thus, you dont have to eat lots and lots of calories to achieve proper nutrition during pregnancy. Its enough if you get vitamins, minerals (calcium and iron in particular) and folic acid.
It is most likely that you will also use some pregnancy supplements. Most doctors prescribe them before, during and after pregnancy, until breastfeeding is complete. The suspected vitamin and mineral deficiencies are the reason for the complications that may appear during pregnancy. Moreover, vitamins help mothers-to-be cope with the morning sickness when symptoms impair correct nutrition. The first trimester of pregnancy is usually more difficult due to the digestive trouble: nausea, vomiting and general sickness could prevent the woman from eating correctly.
Proper nutrition during pregnancy also implies an improvement in the eating habits. Women should now be more concerned with what they eat for the sake of their unborn babies. Refined sugars, junk food and all those highly processed items that contain so many chemicals could harm the fetus. Moreover, smoking and drinking are totally forbidden for the same consideration. Full understanding of the implications of incorrect nutrition should lead to health food choices.
You may experience cravings for junk food, ice-cream and lots of other things. Its perfectly okay to satisfy the craving and eat with moderation. The medical objection goes against the predominance of unhealthy foods in the diet of pregnant women. Proper nutrition during pregnancy ought to focus on healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, legumes, seeds, wholegrain, eggs, lean meat and plenty of dairies. Sesame oil, olive oil and butter are valuable fats that complement pregnancy nutrition.
Responsible mothers usually do a bit of reading on the pregnancy diet specifics so as to find out what they should or shouldn’t eat. You can talk to a dietician and your general practitioner to help you plan your diet, particularly when you are concerned about the possibility of putting on much more weight than it is normal on the average. Lots of mothers binge without careful food selection, and this could also lead to overweight and even labor/delivery complications.
Also remember that you should not consider any form of diet whilst pregnant. Whilst you may keep a general idea about the number of calories that you are consuming at each meal (not that you should get too worried about it), trying out different health supplements, diet pills or other forms of weight loss can be dangerous.
Some of those super fast diets in particular can pose a bigger danger to both you and the baby. For example, the Atkins, South Beach or even the raw food diet can most often leave you without important nutrients that are vital for both you and the little one too.
As a rough rule of thumb, it is generally said that you can eat up to 300 additional calories when you are pregnant per day.